How did champagne dodge the tariff bullet?


For those looking to explain the oddities of therecent tariffs on French wine, a clue may have come last week in Texas.

But first, those oddities. It is not really going out on a limb to say that this administration has a haphazard, govern-by-tweet style of policymaking. So it should not be a surprise that there were some head-scratchers in the wines affected by tariffs. since not all of the $2.1 billion of wines that the US imported from France last year were included. Notably omitted from the list was the high-value category of champagne (sparkling wines were all exempted). Cognac and French spirits were not affected, another large, high-value. (And neither were French handbags or fashion–by contrast, cashmere sweaters from Scotland were hit). And wines over 14% alcohol were not affected. And those in “containers” of over two liters. And Italian wines were exempted since Italy is not a part of Airbus–yet parmigiano reggiano was hit with a 25% tariff? Hmmm…

For a possible clue for explaining some of those loopholes, we take you to Johnson County, Texas

on Thursday of last week. There, in between a fundraiser and a rally, President Trump attended a ribbon-cutting ceremony at a new 100,000-sf facility for making handbags. Louis Vuitton handbags. And beside him was the LVMH founder and chairman, Bernard Arnault. And next to him Ivanka Trump.

The NYT sent fashion columnist Vanessa Friedman to the event and herarticlehas some great color, including Trump saying in his remarks that Louis Vuitton (pronounced “VOO-ton”) was “a name I know very well. It cost me a lot of money over the years.” The article also asks what was LVMH getting out of it, balancing “the immediate brand equity risks” with “political rewards if Mr. Trump wins a second term.” The article points out that Bernard Arnault visited Trump after the 2016 election at Trump Tower.

在讲话中在德克萨斯州,阿尔诺说:“我不是here to judge his type of politics. I have no political role. I am a business person. I try to tell him what I think for the success of the economy and the country, and the success of what we are doing.”

One importer asked about it suggested that champagnes already had to pay a higher excise tax so floated that as a reason for their avoiding the tariff hammer.

So maybe we have some clues to the exclusion of sparkling wine and cognac. And we can raise a glass to the fact they were not affected. But we are still left to ponder the 14.1% alcohol exemption and who had a hand in that. Maybe Robert Parker?!?

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5 Responses to “How did champagne dodge the tariff bullet?”


  1. Wines over 14% are already subject to a higher duty rate. Same reason for exclusion as Sparkling. So do large format packaging.


  2. Hi David,

    Thanks for the comment! If only it were that straightforward, there would be some policy logic to it.

    可惜的是,葡萄酒的消费税与2017年大检修税修改,你可以在这个表上看到,在2017年之前,14.1%的线路做了指示较高的消费税。不再:现在是16%,看税率(再次,不完全清楚为什么会这样)一个大的跳跃。

    https://www.ttb.gov/what-we-do/taxes-and-filing/tax-rates


  3. It’s by now a cliché, but I’ve heard for years that what business people detest most is uncertainty. And in this case, uncertainty is compounded by a complete lack of a strategy and what a resolution would require. Finally, punishing wine exports of companies whose countries are part of the Airbus consortium is simply bereft of logic.


  4. Thank goodness for that. I was worried we’d have to lay in a supply before the tariffs hit . . . .


  5. Yes, the tax was reduced on over 14% but it still subject to a higher duty. It is must less $ per liter than the tax but still in place.


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